So, anyway, much like we once thought that the earth was flat, and sailing across the ocean would mean falling off the face of the planet, we have come a long way in dentistry. While we have these great esthetic materials available today, not so long ago we were routinely restoring anterior teeth with metal post and cores, and porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns. Certainly master ceramists and highly skilled dentists could, and still can, create relatively esthetic results with metal based materials. Esthetic success for the average clinician and dental laboratory technician are however, limited. Dentistry, professionals and patients alike, became immune and complacent to this cosmetic compromise until recently. It used to be ok for crowns to look artificial and not resemble natural teeth. But now the stakes are higher. Our patients’ demands are increasingly heightened due to many influences, including media, marketing, and social media. Given our patients’ demands, we are often pressed into finding ways to create esthetic restorations in highly challenging areas. One case in point, and the one that we will review today, is when we have an existing metal post-and-core on an anterior tooth that needs crown replacement – which is especially valuable on a patient with high esthetic demands. Ideally the metal post and core is removed and replaced with a tooth colored post and core material, either direct or indirect. There are circumstances, however, where it may be difficult or impossible to safely remove the existing post and core without damaging the root structure. In these situations, where the metal post and core cannot be removed, the dentist has a couple of options.